Posts Tagged: oneota community co-op

Steps Back in Time: Foot-Notes + Highlandville Dances

Highlandville in 1991 / Photo courtesy Beth Hoven Rotto

Foot-Notes Scandinavian Music Keeps Dancers Turning at Highlandville Schoolhouse


As the summer sun dips behind the bluffs in Northeast Iowa, cars nudge along the shaley white gravel to Highlandville, a quiet hamlet on South Bear Creek, one of Iowa’s most pristine trout fisheries. Drivers who haven’t been here before take the turns cautiously – cell reception and GPS mapping having dropped off miles ago – drifting slowly by the historic hospital building-turned-B&B, past the landmark Highland General Store and Campground, ‘til you can see your destination – Highlandville Schoolhouse – just across the creek, its porch light shining like a beacon.

If your car windows are down as you drive in, you’ll hear the draw immediately: A fiddle, mandolin, guitar and upright bass – the acclaimed Decorah band Foot-Notes – are tuning up, and laughter and conversation spill through the open schoolhouse windows, where an eager crowd of all ages lines an open dance floor. Then, with a long draw across the fiddle strings, the first dance tune unfurls, in perfect time with the steps of partnered bodies. Another Highlandville dance is in motion.

It’s fun, yes, and welcoming – partners glad-hand away from each other as dance steps pick up. But deeper is the feeling that these celebrated events create a live connection between this Scandinavian community’s heritage and its future, as the music is passed down, measure-by-measure, artist-to-artist.

According to Foot-Notes founding fiddler, Beth Hoven Rotto, Highlandville School dances started around 1974 – before Foot-Notes time – when fiddlers Bill Sherburne and Johannes Sollien (and their bands) crossed paths with artists Dean and Geri Schwarz, who ran a pottery school in Highlandville, and Luis Torres, a local history professor at Luther College in Decorah. Acclaimed poet Joseph Langland, originally from the area, and his brother Walter (and Maurice) Langland of rural Highlandville also had a hand in rallying the community to share traditional waltzes, polkas, two-steps, and schottisches. The schottische, which can baffle the first-timer, is a partner dance akin to American square-dancing, but with few called figures and more trading places – sometimes partners – as the whole dance turns counterclockwise around the room. Left and right steps, turning steps, and hop steps are its trademarks.

From top: 1. Foot-Notes – Beth Hoven Rotto, Jon Rotto, Bill Musser, and John Goodin. 2. A Highlandville Dance in 1990, with Bill Sherburne on fiddle. 3. Beth and Jon’s daughter, Ingrid, sleeps in Bill Musser’s bass case during a dance. (Photos courtesy Beth Hoven Rotto’s awesome scrapbook)


It was about mid-century, says Foot-Notes bass player and Spring Grove, Minnesota, native Bill Musser, that the, uh, reserved Norwegian Lutherans loosened up a bit about the ‘impropriety’ of partner dancing, and the Highlandville Dances became an intergenerational draw. Older dancers, including locals Arnold Munkel and Lester and Genevieve Bentley, taught younger ones, with a palpable urgency to ensure that new enthusiasts understand the freedom and festivity of folk dancing. Born into a very musical farm family, Bill attended the early events. “I remember dancing past midnight sometimes,” he explains. “Just couldn’t get enough of it!”

Foot-Notes rhythm guitar player Jon Rotto (married to Beth, above) agrees that the opportunity felt extraordinary from the very beginning. “When I first discovered the dances in Highlandville, it was a huge relief over the ‘sock hop’ stress of having to make up your own moves to the rock music of high school and college,” he says of his days drifting the back roads to the schoolhouse as a student at Luther College. “The simple set of moves for each type of dance is predetermined, yet your creativity can take you beyond the basic dance, once you’re familiar.”

Highlandville School itself, built in 1911 and in service until 1964, commands a kind of reverence, Jon continues. “It’s not unlike a church, with its high ceilings and pendant lights – a vestige of an earlier time, with its outhouses and lack of indoor plumbing. Soon a sense of adventure starts lifting you along.”

Writing from his current home in Lørenskog, Norway, Jim Skurdall, Foot-Notes’ original mandolin player, says he never got over the lucky happenstance that seemed to crop up around traditional folk music – and the people playing it – in this corner of the Driftless. As a stranger road-tripping through Decorah in 1990, he – and a mandolin rented from Kephart’s Music – were invited off the cuff by Jon’s sister-in-law, Liz Rog, to what would be the first ever Foot-Notes tune-tooling session.

From top: 1. A Highlandville Dance. 1. An illustration of a Highlandville Dance by Decorah artist Carl Homstad.


“After a potluck dinner, we struck up some music and exchanged a few tunes, but we didn’t know yet it was the start of something,” says Jim. The music itself convinced him to cancel his trek to the East Coast and stay – for what would be decades. Like the other members, he went on to pen tunes for the group and became beloved for his singing of old tunes in their native Norwegian. “I always enjoyed watching folks coming into the schoolhouse for the first time, usually with big grins on their faces, looks of amazement. The atmosphere says: ‘You’re new at this? So are we! Jump in!”

But – none of it happens without the live dance band, the music a bright torch passed on by Bill Sherburne and other old-timers. The person carrying that flame is fiddler Beth Rotto. In the 1980s, Beth was a violinist at Luther College and folk dance enthusiast. She sought out Sherburne directly when she heard murmurings of his retirement and asked to apprentice with him as part of an Iowa Arts Council grant.

“My heart sank, though, when I arrived at Bill’s door, and he looked less than enthused to see me,” she explains. “But everything changed when I brought Jon in on guitar, and suddenly, we had a band. Bill started preparing for our visits, often presenting tunes he claimed he hadn’t thought of in years. I attempted to copy everything about how he played – not just the music, but his bowing and sometimes even the set of his jaw. After our apprenticeship ended, I continued to play beside him for the rest of his life.”

Beth is Norwegian-modest about the music transcription she performs – a process she has mastered to Foot-Notes benefit, developing a shorthand for taking down tunes she hears on recordings, from other musicians, and at festivals. She’ll jot down chord progressions, writing the letters above or below the last to indicate which way the melody is moving on the scale. Then, as the tune repeats itself, she’ll sketch in how the measures break and other phrasing tips to jog her memory when she goes to reproduce it on her fiddle. “Usually by the third pass through – dance tunes tend to cycle in threes – I’ve got it,” she explains.

Beth Hoven Rotto’s music methods

A peek into Beth Hoven Rotto’s music methods / Photo by Kristine Jepsen


This skill is the key – it’s how folk music gets etched into recorded history and rejuvenated as new players take it up. All the Foot-Notes members are attuned to it, listening for pieces they haven’t heard before. “In the early days, Beth would call and leave messages on my home voicemail with a melody to a new tune,” Jim Skurdall says. “I would work up harmony lines and leave a message back. Then when we all got together to play, we had a new tune well underway.”

To date, Foot-Notes has more than 120 pieces on “active” recall, including polkas, waltzes, two-steps, schottisches, authentically Norwegian melodies, such as, “Orevalsen” and “Klemmet Ole,” and a group of songs they lovingly refer to as “miscellaneous.” Among them is the “Butterfly,” a tune that picks up in pace and intensity until dancers are fairly flying around the room. At one 1994 performance in the newly restored barn at Luther College, a dancer came down so hard he put his leg through the floor (unhurt, though!). “We refer to that dance as the time Foot-Notes brought down whole barns,” Jon jokes, though most performances – for private parties, weddings, anniversaries and other celebrations – don’t usually get so rowdy.

Foot-Notes at a 2019 Decorah graduation party

Foot-Notes at a 2019 Decorah graduation party / Photo by Kristine Jepsen


In 2015, commemorating 25 years together, Foot-Notes hosted the World’s Largest Schottische, with 1,881 registered dancers during Decorah’s annual Nordic Fest. See the video and purchase the World’s Largest Schottische dance tune at The band has produced four full-length records so far, one of which, My Father Was a Fiddler, includes a companion tunebook. Foot-Notes also contributed to the 1996 Festival of American Folklife CD, Iowa State Fare: Music from the Heartland, a project of Smithsonian Folkways.

But the best introduction, if you’re so lucky, is to hear Foot-Notes in their native habitat – at a Highlandville Dance. As the night winds down and dancers begin to gather their discarded shoes and sweaters, or perhaps, to collect sleepy small children from the nests they’ve made in coats in the corner, you’ll hear one signature tune without fail: Highlandville Waltz. Penned by then-college-students, Greg Huang-Dale and Erik Sessions, this lilting dance signals the close of a sweet summer respite. It’s not the end, per se, but a gentle send-off, as for old friends. “Until next time,” it suggests, when no further words come.

A 2010 Highlandville Dance / Photo by Ellen MacDonald

“I can’t express it very well, but the value of community dancing is undeniable,” says current mandolin player John Goodin, who is beloved by his fellow band members for his ability to sub in and improvise on virtually every instrument between them. “Every single time, I come home a happier, healthier, and better person, thankful that I could be a small part of that special experience,” he says. “It is always a Good Thing.”

Kristine Jepsen is born-bred a Band Geek and considers the Highlandville dances, local contra dances, and other active musical treasures to be the most valuable assets of the Driftless community. When not barefoot on a wooden dance floor, she’s writing for literary journals and small businesses, with a deepening interest in life stories, end-of-life poetry, and other creative work as part of palliative care. More at

To keep time with Foot-Notes performances, join the public group on FaceBook:

Or find them online:

The New Ole Hendricks Orchestra

Fiddler Beth Hoven Rotto is also in another band, The New Ole Hendricks Orchestra. Watch for their CD release concert in Decorah later this summer.

The recording features tunes rediscovered in a most amazing tale stretching across continents and generations painstakingly researched and reimagined by a surprising assemblage of far-flung performers.

Master fiddler Ole Hendricks (born 1851 in Norway – died 1935 in Minnesota) left a dancehall full of rare tunes in his 97-page, handwritten tunebook, which has miraculously survived and is now revived by Norwegian fiddler Vidar Skrede, local musician Beth Hoven Rotto, and seasoned performers Amy Shaw, Chris Bashor, David Tousley, and special guest, Bob Douglas.

CDs for both The New Ole Hendricks Orchestra and Foot-Notes are available at Vesterheim Museum Store and Oneota Community Co-op in Decorah or by contacting

Chef on the Block: Oneota Co-op / Johanna Bergan


Introduction and photos by Aryn Henning Nichols • Originally published in the Winter 2014-15 Inspire(d)

In Decorah, when we think about fresh, local food, the first place that comes to mind is often the Oneota Community Co-op. Inside, there are beautiful displays of the aforementioned fresh and local food: vegetables, fruit, bread, pastries…you get the idea. But the Co-op is so much more than just a grocery store. There’s the awesome hot bar (hellooo, Thursday Taste of India day!), catering options, cheese-of-the-month clubs, great beer and wine, and some pretty darn cool classes.

JohannaTeachingFor years, the classes have been held in a small room in the basement of the Co-op – they were capped at just eight students – additionally, a few were taught off-site at schools or work places. But in late 2014, they opened a lovely, new space in the adjoining building at 310 Water Street. The new co-op kitchen classroom can accommodate up to 40 students – which is great, because attendance is on the rise, especially with fun offerings such as the Wednesday Well-kid series offered during morning late-starts in Decorah. This class, for students in kindergarten through 2nd grade, teaches the importance of breakfast, eating well balanced meals, and encourage trying new foods. Classes will be varied in theme, but will always provide breakfast, activities for students, and a walking school bus to John Cline School.

They also have E.A.T. (experience, ambiance, taste) classes that feature a local “celebrity chef” who hosts a cooking class, and a series on Mindful Eating. New class series for Fall 2015 launch September 2. See for details on these classes and more – there are so many awesome options!

Johanna Bergan, the Co-op’s former education and outreach coordinator (but current teacher), is super excited when each season’s new class schedule launches. As always, the programming focuses on acquainting students with whole foods and teaching skills that can transfer easily to their home kitchens. In the process, they hope attendees learn the love of making and eating good food as well!

JohannaName: Johanna Bergan
Age: 27
Restaurant or Kitchen: Co-op Kitchen Classroom
Number of Years Cooking: Teaching – four years

Formal training or live-and-learn?
Live and Learn

What’s your earliest or most significant memory of cooking or being cooked for?
My earliest memories of cooking all take place in front of the 1954 stove in my parent’s kitchen – the only stove I used until I graduated from Luther. We knew how old it was because a piece in the clock had been replaced with a quarter from the year it was purchased. I made apple cinnamon muffins from Betty Crocker with my little sister after school in the oven and strawberry pie and jam for 4-H projects in middle school.

Joel, my then boyfriend, made me polenta for the first time ever, in our first little apartment kitchen. He served this whole grain mush that had taken over 40 minutes to cook with a shrimp pasta sauce from the Joy of Cooking. I was sure I would hate it. I fell in love with polenta and the shrimp recipe is still marked as a favorite today. And I decided I’d marry him if he ever asked (ed note: he did).

Why did you decide to become a chef?
An interesting combination of ‘A Splendid Table’ podcasts, cheap produce markets, Chicago Public Library shelves of cookbooks and an immense feeling of guilt that Joel worked, went to school, AND cooked all of our food, joined together at a time that I was mostly at home with our daughter. I had little excuse not to hang out in the aisles of Whole Foods staring into other people’s shopping carts, wondering “what is that stuff?” I did food like I do life – jump in feet first.

Back home in Decorah, working at the Co-op was the perfect fodder for my new love of food. I soak in recipes, from the radio, Pinterest, magazines, restaurants. This inspiration follows me into the kitchen where I try something once and tweak from there. I cook in a completely gluten free kitchen, for a family with several dietary restrictions including no dairy, eggs or peanuts, and some vegetarians. Please don’t feel sorry for me! This is my ultimate food challenge and one that I relish conquering day after day after day.


What’s the best thing you’ve ever made?
I couldn’t answer this question myself. My mother says peach pie, my daughter says her birthday cake and my husband says blackberry pie. Funny answers since I am a self-confessed, terrible baker and feel confident only on top of the oven.

Do you have any monumental food fails you’d like to share with us?
Red Velvet cake, three layers, frosting – gluten free and vegan. This cake wasn’t made, it was built. Only after cutting it, topping with ice cream and serving did I find out I had used cinnamon in place of cocoa powder. Spicy!

How about secret food indulgences you don’t normally talk about? Will you tell us?
Hmm… I am a practicing vegan, a carbon footprint vegan, this means I choose not to eat meat to lower my output of carbon into the environment. This is balanced by a desire to let nothing go to waste. So I eat animal products when they have become other people’s waste. Feel free to invite me over after you cook the bacon and I’ll pour off the fat and run home to cook my tofu burger in it! Heaven to Betsy – don’t throw it out!

On another note… I love potato chips…especially Dill Pickle!

What’s your favorite:

Ingredient: Garbanzo beans
Dish: Massaged Kale Salad with Tamari Dressing
Cookbook: Vegetarian Cooking for Everyone by Deborah Madison
Random (or not so random) kitchen tool: Pressure Cooker
Vegetable: Spinach
Fruit: I’d rather eat a vegetable (No joke)


The Oneota Community Food Co-op is a cooperatively-owned grocery store – currently, there are more than 4,400 members! This is the Co-op’s 51st year! They’ve been bringing local, organic, and sustainably-produced food and wares to the community since 1974.

Check it out!